Z. Dahlen Parker

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Static Discharge patterns, seen in a thin layer of dust on a CRT, have a striking resemblance to many features seen on moons and asteroids. This low tech experiment has revealed a reasonable alternative explanation for how some planetary surface features were formed. The intensity is not to be confused with other experiments, it is at lower levels of surface charge of the energized CRT's used to produce the following images, but the features are clearly from electric discharge.

CRT crater chain

Many features on moons and asteroids are hard to explain through the mechanism of an impact.

The anomalies are numerous but the most obvious challenge to that theory comes from chains of craters that appear to overlap each other.

A unique and highly structured set of circumstances would be required to form such features.

If an impact explanation was to be used several problems arise.

    To get a chain of craters youíd need a chain of objects and they would need to impact in tight formation nearly on top of one another.

    This was not observed with comet Shoemaker-Levy 9.

    Are there any instances to support a tight chain of impactors?

    Larger Image at TPOD 

    Link to TPOD Image and article

    How can this feature be explained by an impact?

    If objects strike at an angle, other than a right angle, they would make non-symmetrical circles. Also, a sequence of impacts would destroy the clarity of the previously formed features.

    Considering the appearance of crater chains, there are too many problems not answerable by the impact theory for it to be valid.

    This JPL image from Ganymede, one of Jupiterís moons, is a perfect example to compare to the CRT discharge-chains.

    Another mechanism must be considered to explain the formation of crater chains.

    The following image shows what looks alot like crater chains.

    Two possible causes will be suggested here and I will let the pictures make the case of either an electric discharge by an object making a glancing pass of the planet's surface or electric discharge from another source. There is a wealth of evidence which suggests either of these two options to be feasible.

    But you might be saying; "What about an impact, isn't that an option?"

    The need to present proof of crater-chains, from impacts, rests on the shoulders of the astronomical theorists who have applied the impact theory without any real evidence. Postulations of this sort are well practiced and one of their tools that produce
    many of their theories, but they don't hold up when real science is done, such as; on the nature of comets and why they form tails, the history of the solar system and the nature of the sun. A carefull look at the last two links will explain the shortcommings of conventional theories on a number of subjects.

    Even if these bodies, mysteriously hanging onto asteroid Itokawa,
    were to be stripped loose the debris is not likely to result in a straight line of impact points.

    Crater-chains will falsify their theory on impacts.

    The patterns give us details to draw upon for comparison and if we let the patterns speak to our reasoning we may see through a fog created by an absence of eye witnesses and an abundance of speculation about impact events.

    One detail to take note of in the CRT images is that a whole circle is often at one end and then a series of semi-circles are adjacent.

    The first point of discharge can be recognized.

    TV Crater-chain Image

    This pattern occurs with little variance!

    When motion across the CRTís surface is slow enough to get repeated discharges in close proximity the semi-circles get tighter, forming a weld-like bead.

    These attributes give the mechanism of electric discharge an advantage toward explaining how planetary-type crater chains were made.

    1. Direction of movement produces specific patterns which are consistent in repeated tests with electrical discharges.

    2. Symmetry is very well preserved from one discharge point to the next. The previous patterns are nearly undisturbed by subsequent discharges.

link to CRT image(side streams)

And hopefully this will be convincing.

In experiments, by Plasmatic of Thunderbolts forum, with an ion air purifier the results are quite interesting.

click for larger image
This is cut from a larger image.

The previous two images are some of the results from experiments conducted by James St.Pe (Plasmatic MnemoHistory on Thunderbolts forum). They provide an idea of discharge effects in deep material. Here the patterns hold to the symmetry and many other details and are an improvement to the CRT results due to the raised rims of the craters.

In regard to individual craters;

Craters that are not a part of a chain; share a common circular symmetry and often have concentrations of material in their centers or other signitures of electrical activity.

Link to original image 

Image from European Space agency's Stereo Camera

Look these over closely for the interior features of the discharge patterns.

Internal radial features are frequently seen and in some cases correlate with a concentration of material which has Lichtenberg (lightening-like) features.

At a glance you can see many similarities to planetary features and as you look closer others become apparent including miniature craters adjacent to the path of the discharge chain, parallel rills and berme.

link to TV image

The CRT experiments have shown that direction of movement is revealed in the crater-chainís arrangement. When discharge-overlap occurs, the whole circle marks the first point of discharge and the semi-circles are subsequent discharges.

link to CRT image

From observations, the reason may be that at each point of discharge the area becomes partially neutralized or polarized so an adjacent discharge will only involve material beyond the range of a previous discharges.

The possibility of a residual polarity signature is demonstrated by where material is deposited or repelled. There is more mentioned below as supporting observations.

From an examination of many discharge patterns created in the dust on an old CRT a clear challenger has stepped into the ring as a possible mechanism which can make craters and crater chains but the patterns made by electricity do not stop here.

Electric discharge patterns on a CRT go way beyond craters

CRT Image

Material has been seen to collect in thin tendrils at the time of discharge and more importantly after the discharge has ceased at that location.

The image below shows material gathered electrically, with positive relief.

larger image
CRT-pattern Image

To get this degree of similarity the choices of potential mechanisms grows ever slimmer.

link to image (grouped spiders)

streaming deposit

Material was seen to stream off the probe (my finger) and attract to the tendrils of spiders, avoiding other areas. Subsequent discharges add or remove material depending on power settings of the CRT.

Spiders Positive and negative

These patterns occurred when two CRTs were passed in close proximity screen to screen. One had powder on the surface and the other didnít, at first.

Link to image of pass-over spider & cluster

The spiders below correlate to these craters. These features are one side of the discharges occurring while two CRTís were passed in close proximity.

To Pass-Over Craters

One powered-on the other powered-off. Three passes are represented here.

link to Pass-over Spiders

In summary

Electric discharge can replicate many features seen on planetary bodies.

The list began with craters and crater chains and has expanded to rills, positive-relief spiders and negative spiders.

Craters on the rims of other craters are also seen in the CRT experiments.

Electric discharge deserves careful consideration as the cause of several types of features on celestial bodies.

At this time we may struggle to accept electricity at work in planetary scale
but the evidence will clear the way.

And we do have evidence in abundance of the electric mechanism at work,
recorded from Io to Mars and beyond.


To Jesus be the Glory
for where He's brought me.

contact and feedback

Omitted pending closer observations.

Link to HiRISE Image Credit: NASA/JPL/University of Arizona